The aim of the research is to analyse the use of illustrations in children's magazines at the turn of the twentieth century (including Cymru’r Plant, Y Winllan, Trysorfa y Plant, Perl y Plant and Seren yr Ysgol Sul).
It is argued that illustrations in children's literature are not merely a tool to explain and facilitate the process of reading, and that the main purpose of illustrations is not to attract readers. Illustrations have an important function, but their presence can be complex: illustrations can contradict the written text, and in fact, reading illustrations can be more challenging than reading words.
The research analyses the above magazines and considers the main aim of using illustrations. It also explores how the relationship between illustration, words and the reader changes during the period in question.