Literature in the field of Bilingualism explains the factors that influence the behaviour of language learners when there are a number of choices available. The choice could be encouraged or stifled by social factors, or because the context of the atmosphere, behaviour, experiences and motivation influences them at that time. The Willingness to Communicate theory has researched and highlighted these factors, as they can cause frustration to learners in the context of majority languages. Only some previous research focuses on the use of minority languages, and solely on learners to date. Therefore, this research will investigate the factors that hinder and encourage those who use the Welsh language as a first or second language within different situations. The aim is to research the differences between unwilling and reluctant learners specifically. The research focuses on adults in different workplaces. The focus is on schools and leisure centres, the linguistic dynamic within these organisations, and the rationale for language behaviour. The research is undertaken in an area which has a large population of Welsh speakers, but where those speakers do not use the language from day to day.
Start Date: October 2016